What is Speech Therapy?

Speech therapy, also known as ST (Speech Therapy), is a treatment conducted for children with disorders in language, speech, and communication skills. Typically, speech therapy begins with an assessment session conducted by a Speech Therapist or Speech-Language Pathologist to first identify the type of communication problem the child has and the best way to address it.

The main goal of ST is not only to enable the child to speak but goes beyond that to include:

  • Maximizing meaningful two-way communication
  • Improving vocabulary and word pronunciation
  • Strengthening the muscles used in speech
  • Learning proper speaking techniques

Who Conducts Speech Therapy?
And How Are Therapy Sessions Conducted?

One-to-one occupational therapy sessions at EQ are conducted by occupational therapists, or referred to as ST (Speech Therapists) – individuals who hold a Bachelor’s Degree in the field of speech science education. Our therapists also undergo internal training for 1 month with experienced senior STs before conducting classes officially.

Speech Therapy One to One sessions will be conducted every week, once a week for 1 hour per session. This program is only conducted on Sundays, with 4 sessions per month, distinguishing our therapy sessions from those in hospitals that require therapy appointments with long waiting times.

Occupational & Speech Therapist

Therapy & Playgroup

Who Needs Speech Therapy?

Speech therapy is a treatment provided to children as early as 2 years old who have issues with communication and language. Speech therapy typically follows occupational therapy once the child has completed it.

Children who have issues such as:

Parents can refer to the speech milestones below:


At the age of 1 year, a child’s development should typically involve being able to hear simple instructions, understand commonly heard words, recognize their own name, and begin speaking simple words. Examples include: mama, papa, want, car, milk.


At the age of 2 years, a child should typically be able to understand simple sentences and questions, as well as have around 50 words in their vocabulary. They should also begin to string together 1-2 word phrases. Examples include: want milk, milk please, red car.


A child who is 3 years old should typically be able to hear and understand instructions with more than 2 words. They should also be able to combine 3-4 words to form a sentence.



By the age of 4 years, a child will typically start to understand basic concepts like colors, have around 900 words in their vocabulary, use 4-5 words to form sentences, and begin to use “WH-questions”.




When a child is 5 years old, they will typically start to understand more complex instructions, be able to form sentences exceeding 6 words, and can retell events that have occurred.


Activities Conducted by Therapists

During the 1-hour therapy session, the therapist will engage in one-to-one activities with the child, including consultation/discussion with parents in the last 15 minutes of the class. The therapist will take into account the child’s physical, social, emotional, sensory, and cognitive abilities and needs. Some strategies employed by Speech Therapists to assist children include:


  • Play-based learning activities to enhance vocabulary
  • Play activities to aid in interaction and communication to stimulate language development
  • Demonstrating how to guide children to start speaking and providing appropriate sequences for oral motor skills
  • Providing a home program for parents to continue consistent activities at home with guidance from the therapist

What Will Happen If a Child
Doesn’t Attend Therapy?

The child may experience emotional disturbances and develop behavioral issues.

Children experiencing delayed speech development will inevitably struggle to express themselves. Therefore, children with delayed speech issues may experience emotional disturbances because they cannot engage in two-way communication to express their desires.

A significant developmental gap compared to their actual age.

A child who is 5 years old but still at the level of a 2-year-old in terms of speech is experiencing a significant delay gap, which is not in line with the expected level of speech development. Only consistent therapy classes can provide support and assistance to children with such developmental delays.

Parents need to promptly provide therapy for their children to prevent a delay gap from becoming too large compared to their actual age. This is because once the child surpasses each age stage, the opportunity for optimal development diminishes, and it will take longer to catch up.

What Are the Next Steps for Parents?

Begin with an Assessment.

We provide assessment sessions as the first step for parents to understand their child’s developmental issues further. If your child starts showing a decline in daily activities such as not responding to their name and instructions or being unfocused, the assessment session can determine if speech therapy is the appropriate therapy for your child.

This speech therapy assessment is crucial for therapists to understand the child’s current development and to identify an appropriate and effective treatment plan based on the child’s issues. This is because each child has different developmental issues and requires various therapy approaches.

However, this assessment is not a diagnosis of the child’s problems; it is simply an initial step to identify and address the child’s issues. This assessment:

  • Lasts for 1 hour, with the last 15 minutes allocated for discussion between the Speech Therapist (ST) and parents about the child’s issues.
  • A assessment report will be provided, which can also be used as a reference for hospitals or therapy centers.
  • The assessment session costs RM 250 for one session.

If your child has issues as mentioned above, you can contact the nearest branch to book an assessment session at our center as the first step to identify the issues more specifically.

Excel Qhalif Sdn. Bhd.


Rakan Kerjasama

Rakan Media

Bangi Branch (HQ)

No 19-1, 19-2, 21-1, 21-2 Jalan Reko Sentral 6,
Reko Sentral, 43000,
Kajang, Selangor D. E.


9am – 6pm
Monday – Saturday